HTML5 Canvas

The HTML <canvas> element is used to draw graphics on a web page.

The graphic to the left is created with <canvas>. It shows four elements: a red rectangle, a gradient rectangle, a multicolor rectangle, and a multicolor text.


What is HTML Canvas?

The HTML <canvas> element is used to draw graphics, on the fly, via JavaScript.

The <canvas> element is only a container for graphics. You must use JavaScript to actually draw the graphics.

Canvas has several methods for drawing paths, boxes, circles, text, and adding images.


Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the <canvas> element.

Element
<canvas> 4.0 9.0 2.0 3.1 9.0

Canvas Examples

A canvas is a rectangular area on an HTML page. By default, a canvas has no border and no content.

The markup looks like this:

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″></canvas>

Note: Always specify an id attribute (to be referred to in a script), and a width and height attribute to define the size of the canvas. To add a border, use the style attribute.

Here is an example of a basic, empty canvas:

 

Example

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″ style=”border:1px solid #000000;”>
</canvas>

Draw a Line

Example

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″ style=”border:1px solid #d3d3d3;”>
Your browser does not support the HTML5 canvas tag.</canvas>

<script>
var c = document.getElementById(“myCanvas”);
var ctx = c.getContext(“2d”);
ctx.moveTo(0,0);
ctx.lineTo(200,100);
ctx.stroke();
</script>


Draw a Circle

Example

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″ style=”border:1px solid #d3d3d3;”>
Your browser does not support the HTML5 canvas tag.</canvas>

<script>
var c = document.getElementById(“myCanvas”);
var ctx = c.getContext(“2d”);
ctx.beginPath();
ctx.arc(95,50,40,0,2*Math.PI);
ctx.stroke();
</script>


Draw a Text

Example

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″ style=”border:1px solid #d3d3d3;”>
Your browser does not support the HTML5 canvas tag.</canvas>

<script>
var c = document.getElementById(“myCanvas”);
var ctx = c.getContext(“2d”);
ctx.font = “30px Arial”;
ctx.fillText(“Hello World”,10,50);
</script>


Stroke Text

Example

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″ style=”border:1px solid #d3d3d3;”>
Your browser does not support the HTML5 canvas tag.</canvas>

<script>
var c = document.getElementById(“myCanvas”);
var ctx = c.getContext(“2d”);
ctx.font = “30px Arial”;
ctx.strokeText(“Hello World”,10,50);
</script>


Draw Linear Gradient

Example

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″ style=”border:1px solid #d3d3d3;”>
Your browser does not support the HTML5 canvas tag.</canvas>

<script>
var c = document.getElementById(“myCanvas”);
var ctx = c.getContext(“2d”);
// Create gradient
var grd = ctx.createLinearGradient(0,0,200,0);
grd.addColorStop(0,”red”);
grd.addColorStop(1,”white”);
// Fill with gradient
ctx.fillStyle = grd;
ctx.fillRect(10,10,150,80);
</script>


Draw Circular Gradient

Example

<canvas id=”myCanvas” width=”200″ height=”100″ style=”border:1px solid #d3d3d3;”>
Your browser does not support the HTML5 canvas tag.</canvas>

<script>
var c = document.getElementById(“myCanvas”);
var ctx = c.getContext(“2d”);

// Create gradient
var grd = ctx.createRadialGradient(75,50,5,90,60,100);
grd.addColorStop(0,”red”);
grd.addColorStop(1,”white”);

// Fill with gradient
ctx.fillStyle = grd;
ctx.fillRect(10,10,150,80);
</script>


Draw Image

var c = document.getElementById(“myCanvas”);
var ctx = c.getContext(“2d”);
var img = document.getElementById(“scream”);
ctx.drawImage(img, 10, 10);

Try it Yourself »


HTML Canvas Tutorial

To learn all about HTML <canvas>Visit our complete HTML Canvas Tutorial.