HTML Layouts

HTML Layout Elements

Websites often display content in multiple columns (like a magazine or newspaper).

HTML5 offers new semantic elements that define the different parts of a web page:

HTML5 Semantic Elements <header> – Defines a header for a document or a section

<nav> – Defines a container for navigation links

<section> – Defines a section in a document

<article> – Defines an independent self-contained article

<aside> – Defines content aside from the content (like a sidebar)

<footer> – Defines a footer for a document or a section

<details> – Defines additional details

<summary> – Defines a heading for the <details> element

HTML Layout Techniques

There are four different ways to create multicolumn layouts. Each way has its pros and cons:

  • HTML tables (not recommended)
  • CSS float property
  • CSS flexbox
  • CSS framework

Which One to Choose?

HTML Tables

The <table> element was not designed to be a layout tool! The purpose of the <table> element is to display tabular data. So, do not use tables for your page layout! They will bring a mess into your code. And imagine how hard it will be to redesign your site after a couple of months.

Tip: Do NOT use tables for your page layout!

CSS Frameworks

If you want to create your layout fast, you can use a framework, like W3.CSS or Bootstrap.

CSS Floats

It is common to do entire web layouts using the CSS float property. Float is easy to learn – you just need to remember how the float and clear properties work. Disadvantages: Floating elements are tied to the document flow, which may harm the flexibility. Learn more about float in our CSS Float and Clear chapter.

Try it Yourself