CSS3 animation-fill-mode Property

Example

Let the <div> element retain the style values from the last keyframe when the animation ends:

div {
animation-fill-mode: forwards;
}

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More “Try it Yourself” examples below.

Definition and Usage

The animation-fill-mode property specifies a style for the element when the animation is not playing (before it starts, after it ends, or both).

CSS animations do not affect the element before the first keyframe is played or after the last keyframe is played. The animation-fill-mode property can override this behavior.

Default value: none
Inherited: no
Animatable: no. Read about animatable
Version: CSS3
JavaScript syntax: object.style.animationFillMode=”forwards” Try it

CSS Syntax
animation-fill-mode: none|forwards|backwards|both|initial|inherit;
Property Values
Value Description
none Default value. Animation will not apply any styles to the element before or after it is executing
forwards The element will retain the style values that is set by the last keyframe (depends on animation-direction and animation-iteration-count)
backwards The element will get the style values that is set by the first keyframe (depends on animation-direction), and retain this during the animation-delay period
both The animation will follow the rules for both forwards and backwards, extending the animation properties in both directions
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit
Example

Let the <div> element get the style values set by the first keyframe before the animation starts (during the animation-delay period):

div {
animation-fill-mode: backwards;
}

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Example

Let the <div> element get the style values set by the first keyframe before the animation starts, and retain the style values from the last keyframe when the animation ends:

div {
animation-fill-mode: both;
}

Try it Yourself »